Last June EQO was awarded by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) a contract whose main objective is to measure GHG emissions from Montenegro’s tourism sector. The project which officially starts the third week of July will be carried out EQO along with the Spanish consulting company Factor CO2. The works will consist of the recalculation baseline GHG emissions from tourism sector in Montenegro (2013); development of a methodology for annual GHG emissions’ accounting and sectoral Monitoring, Reporting and Verification system and providing training to the relevant national authorities in charge of GHG monitoring (primarily MONSTAT and Environment protection Agency).
In 2011, more than 1.3 million tourists visited Montenegro, twice as much as domestic population and ten times more than just a decade ago (i.e. tourists’ count was 120,000 in 2002). Tourism’s total contribution to GDP has by now reached 17.2% and is projected to rise to 36.3% GDP by 2021. Similarly, the investment in the sector amounted for 164.6 million € in 2011, or 23.6% of total capital investment.
As a main driver of Montenegro’s economic growth and investment, the tourism sector is responsible (directly and indirectly) for the large share of GHG emissions from the transport, accommodation and other tourism-related activities.
According to Montenegro’s Initial National Communication (INC) to UNFCCC, in the business-as-usual scenario Montenegro’s GHG emissions will rise by 40% in 2020 above 1990 baseline. By contributing to over third of GDP and a half of capital investment in infrastructure, the tourism sector will inevitably be an important, if not the leading, factor in a projected GHG emissions increase.
The project is additional to another recent award by EQO which includes the preparation of the Terms of Reference for the IPA 2012 Project – Optimal Use of Energy and Natural Resources. The global objective of the assignment is to ensure, economically and socially sound and viable development of Montenegro in a long-term prospective with special focus on energy with a view of promoting sustainable development. The project aims to contribute to the further energy reforms in Montenegro in order to comply with obligations from the energy acquis ensuring the continuity of assistance provided to the beneficiaries in the Sector and to avoid delays in implementation of already planned support.